Working Paper 9: Maize yield response to nitrogen in Malawi’s smallholder production systems

This working paper reviews the research evidence on the factors known to be affecting the efficiency with which Malawian farmers use nitrogen fertilizer on maize. It is our position that such factors, along with non-random aspects of most trials, might explain the large gaps observed between researcher-managed plots and farmer-managed fields. In addition, the paper provides >> Read more

Working Paper 8: Modeling potential impacts of future climate change in Mzimba District Malawi, 2040-2070

Historical data in Malawi indicates there has been climate change in the past and that farmer households have been affected. Climate models predict further changes in precipitation and temperature over Malawi in the future. However, most studies to understand the impacts of climate change in Malawi have focused on ex post assessments of weather events. >> Read more

Working Paper 7: Spatial price integration among selected bean markets in Malawi: A threshold autoregressive model approach

This research examines the extent of market integration among different bean markets across Malawi. Market integration is an indicator that efficiency exists within the flow of information between markets. The study focused on beans as they are a cheap source of protein affordable by the majority of rural smallholder farmers. Market price data for beans was >> Read more

Working Paper 6: Changes in Food and Nutrition Security in Malawi: Analysis of Recent Survey Evidence

A large proportion of Malawian households are caught in a trap where poverty and food insecurity reinforce one another and where periods of food deficits and severe food crises are frequent occurrences. In recognition of this, the Malawian government has since 2005/06 implemented a large-scale Farm Input Subsidy Program (FISP), which supplies half of smallholder >> Read more

Working Paper 5: The determinants and extent of crop diversification among smallholder farmers: A case study of Southern Province, Zambia

This study analyzed the determinants of crop diversification as well as the factors influencing the extent of crop diversification by smallholder farmers in Southern province. The study used secondary data from the Central Statistical Office of Zambia. Results from a double-hurdle model analysis indicates that landholding size, fertilizer quantity, distance to market, and the type >> Read more

Working Paper 4: Does irrigation have an impact on food security and poverty? Evidence from Bwanje Valley Irrigation Scheme in Malawi

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of irrigation on household food security and poverty using a case study of Bwanje Valley Irrigation Scheme in Malawi. Data used in the analysis were collected from 412 households – 169 participants in the irrigation scheme and 243 non-participants. Due to the non-random selection of >> Read more

Working Paper 3: Maize Prices and Evidence of Spatial Integration in Malawi

This study tests the long-run and short-run integration of maize markets in Malawi using the co-integration approach within the Vector Autoregressive modeling framework. The analysis is extended to Wald-F Granger Causality tests to see the direction of causality between maize markets. A total of six maize markets, two from each region, were analyzed. Three are >> Read more

Working Paper 2: Political economy of agricultural producer support in Malawi

Malawi has struggled to achieve sustained agricultural growth over the last four decades. As such there is need for increased investment and supportive policies if greater success is to be realized. As a prerequisite to identifying the role that improved policies and investment can play, a better understanding is needed of the incentives that producers >> Read more

Working Paper 1: Neopatrimonialism and Agricultural Protection: The case of maize in Malawi

This empirical study uses data from 1970 to 2010 to estimate levels of neopatrimonialism in Malawi. We then test how neopatrimonialism has affected policy-induced agriculture producer incentives. Three dimensions are used to measure neopatrimonialism – systematic clientelism, a power concentration index, and control of corruption. All were negatively related to the level of producer support >> Read more